World Heart Day: 29th September 2015

World Heart Day: 29th September 2015

World Heart Day is an annual event which takes place on 29 September every year. The World Heart Federation is dedicated to leading the global fight against cardiovascular disease (CVD) – including heart disease and stroke. Each year’s celebrations have a different theme, reflecting key issues and topics relating to heart health. This year World Heart Day is dedicated to exposing how much our environments can impact on and increase CVD risk factors. CVD can be prevented by addressing risk factors, such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet and physical inactivity. 

“World Heart Day encourages us to reduce our cardiovascular risk, and to promote a heart-healthy planet for all those around us.”

Courtesy: World Health Federation.

5 Best foods for a Healthy Heart

Salmon : Salmon is considered as superstar of Heart Healthy foods. Salmon is considered to be healthy due to its high protein, high omega-3 fatty acids, and high vitamin D content. It reduces the risk of arrythima (irregular heart Beat), atherosclerosis . Intake of salmon twice a week ois recommended for a healthy heart.

Oatmeal: It is high in soluble fiber which lowers the cholesterol. It eliminates the cholesterol from the body.  Because of its high content of complex carbohydrates and water-soluble fiber that encourages slow digestion and stabilizes blood-glucose levels , its consumption is highly recommended.

Blueberries: It has been shown to improve blood fat balances, including reduction in total cholesterol, raising of HDL cholesterol, and lowering of triglycerides. At the same time, blueberry intake has been shown to help protect the blood components (like LDL cholesterol) from oxygen damage that could lead to eventual clogging of the blood vessels.

Dark Chocolate: Eating a small amount of dark chocolate two or three times each week can help lower your blood pressure. Dark chocolate improves blood flow and may help prevent the formation of Blood clots. Dark chocolate also helps reduce the risk of stroke.

Nuts: These include walnuts,almonds, pitachios, Peanuts . Nuts contains lot of fibres which are good for the heart. They also contain Vitamin E which aids in lowering of bad cholesterol. Pistachios contain potassium and fibres. Almond’s skin is full of heart-protecting compounds called flavonoids.Walnuts help to lower the bad form of cholesterol (LDL).

 

Autism Awareness

Autism is a neurodevelopmental Disorder , It is usually noticed in the first two years of child development . The children with autism reach the developmental milestones at a slower pace.

While autism is highly heritable, researchers suspect both environmental and genetic factors as causes. Early speech or behavioral interventions can help children with autism gain self-care, social, and communication skills.

New research has found that a fault in the channel of cells related to release of calcium in brain may be linked to certain forms of autism and serve both as a potential biomarker for diagnosing the disorder as well as a potential therapeutic target.

In the brain, calcium is used to communicate information within and between neurons, and it activates a host of other cell functions, including ones regulating learning and memory, neuronal excitability and neurotransmitter release – areas known to be dysfunctional in autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

In this study, researchers found that defects in a channel called IP3R that controls the release of calcium from cell membranes could be the key to ASD diagnosis. According to a study in Translational Psychiatry.

  • Autism now affects 1 in 68 children and 1 in 42 boys
  • There is no medical detection or cure for autism
  • Brain scans show differences in the shape and structure of the brain in children with autism compared to in neurotypical children.
  • Some harmful substances ingested during pregnancy also have been associated with an increased risk of autism.
  • Early autism diagnosis can provide the basis for an appropriate educational and treatment program.

Dengue: Facts and Myths

Due to the large scale dengue cases reported in the national Capital of India , New Delhi is on Medical alert for any new cases of Dengue reported. Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever is a mosquito borne tropical disease    caused by the dengue virus.Symptoms include fever,headache muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rash that is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases, the disease develops into life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome

The prevention of dengue requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue.There is no vaccine but we can lower the chances by taking few precautionary measures.

Myth: Dengue is epidemic

Fact : Dengue is not epidemic and is in control , only 1 % of cases are life threatening.

Myth : Everbody suffering from Dengue should be hospitalized

Fact: Only patients with severe Dengue symptoms need hospitalization.

Myth: Testing platelet levels alone accounts for complete and effective management of dengue

Fact: A complete blood count (especially hematocrit) is needed to monitor prognosis and increased capillary permeability, which is the starting point of all complications. Falling platelet counts with rising hematocrit levels are most important.

Medical Research News and Updates

Image credit: Medical News Today.

 

According to Medical News Today report Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have made a discovery that could help in the fight against both cancer and autoimmune diseases.

The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) Assistant Professor of Immunology Young Jun Kang, who collaborated on the study with the lab of TSRI Institute Professor Richard A. Lerner – who is also Lita Annenberg Hazen Professor of Immunochemistry – says:

“This finding could be helpful for developing strategies to target cancer and inflammatory diseases.”

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